Covert Tactics and Techniques for frontline investigators CPD training  

10 and 11 November 2021

• Online via Teams

• Aimed at all operational investigators who want to develop and enhance their understanding of covert tactics

The Investigator is hosting a two day online CPD workshop that will provide latest best practice around covert investigations.

Our workshop will provide an understanding of the Covert tactical options available to law enforcement for exploitation, legal considerations before, during and post deployment and operational security considerations and challenges.

It is aimed at all operational investigators who want to develop and enhance their understanding of the use of covert tactics and techniques in an investigation.


Aims and objectives of the session

· Be aware of the specific tactical option and understand when it could be exploited appropriately to add value to an investigation.

· Understand the wider operational security challenges and the processes required to mitigate risk and potential compromise of covert assets.

· Be aware of the key legislation that governs covert activity including the safeguards and external oversight (Investigatory Powers Commissioner’s Office (IPCO)).

Day One:

Session 1: Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA)

· Surveillance – Directed


This first session will introduce the learners to RIPA and the Directed Surveillance (DSA) activity that it governs. The session will focus on the different types of tactical activity that fall under the legislative umbrella of the DSA. This includes static observations (surveillance logs), foot surveillance and mobile (vehicle) surveillance. This session will introduce the fundamental concepts that must be considered before considering any form of covert policing activity, such as proportionality, necessity and collateral intrusion.


Session 2: Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA) / Part 3 Police Act 1997 (P3)

· Surveillance – Intrusive

· Surveillance – Property Interference


The workshop will unfold on an incremental basis so this session will move the learner on to Property Interference (P3) and Intrusive Surveillance, which are the more technical and sensitive aspects of surveillance activity such as the use of vehicle tracking, listening devices and covert monitoring posts. Learning is assisted by the fact that I can reference the first input to compare and contrast the relevant considerations for an SIO in terms of legal challenges and operational resourcing.

Session 3: Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA) / CHIS (Criminal Conduct) Act 2021 (CCA)

· Covert Human Intelligence Source (CHIS)

This session will introduce the learner to the concept of Human Intelligence (Humint) and discuss the considerations for the recruitment and use of CHIS.The benefits will be presented alongside some of the potential pitfalls, by examining practical scenarios that indicate where the CHIS recruitment process should be adopted. There will also be input about the new Criminal Conduct Act and the reasons for its introduction in relation to CHIS participation in criminal activity.

Session 4: Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA) / CHIS (Criminal Conduct) Act 2021 (CCA)

· Covert Human Intelligence Source (CHIS) - UCO

This session extends the CHIS concept to look at the deployment of Undercover Operatives (UCOs) in their various guises (eg. decoy, online, long-term and test purchase). Each category will be covered with illustrative examples to ensure that the learner understands the tactical value and considerations. I will include the external focus that has come from the Undercover Policing Inquiry (UCPI) and how this has affected decision making and conduct in this area.

Day Two:

Session 1: Planning and Operational Security

Day two will begin with a session that moves away from specific legislation and offers an opportunity to review some of the wider operational security issues attached to conducting investigations that utilise covert tactics and intelligence. The initial scoping of an operation and operational security resilience will be presented, with emphasis on the role of the Operational Security Advisor (OPSY).

Session 2:Risk and Compliance Considerations: Criminal Procedure & Investigations Act 1996 (CPIA96)

This session introduces some of the factors that have to be considered if any investigation featuring covert tactics is to be conducted professionally and compliantly, particularly in relation to the protection of operatives and the future effectiveness of the tactics. This will include disclosure under CPIA 96, data assurance reviews and entering sensitive intelligence into the overt intelligence system.

Session 3: Investigatory Powers Act 2016 (IPA)

· Targeted Equipment Interference (TEI)

The final two sessions will cover the more technical aspects of intelligence and evidence gathering that are now governed by the IPA, which was only introduced in late 2018. There are extensive legal safeguards in place including a ‘double-lock’ authority process requiring oversight from IPCO Judicial Commissioners, so careful planning and consideration is required before using some of the tactical options covered by this area. This session will focus on the tactical functions now covered by TEI including the acquisition of mobile phone data and computer network exploitation (CNE).

Session 4: Investigatory Powers Act 2016 (IPA)

· Targeted Interception (TI)

Targeted Interception is widely regarded as the most intrusive form of covert monitoring, and this isreflected in the requirement for authorisation by the Home Secretary in conjunction with the ‘double-lock’ from an IPCO Judicial Commissioner.TI is reserved for use in cases involving theinvestigation of terrorism and serious crime. The final session will cover TI, including operational considerations, limitationsan.


Day One

9.40am-9.50am: Welcome and introduction

9.50am-10.50am: Understanding Directed Surveillance and the practical issues.

10.50am-11.10am: Break

11.10am-noon: Examining Intrusive Surveillance & Property Interference and how they can be applied.

Noon-12.30pm: Break

12.30pm-1.20pm: CHIS including the new criminal conduct regime and operational considerations.

1.20pm-1.40pm: Break

1.40pm-2.30pm: Examining undercover activities and practices (inc the Undercover Policing Inquiry).

2.30pm-2.40pm: summing up and questions

2.45pm: Workshop closes


Day Two

9.40am-9.50am: Welcome and introduction

9.50am-10.40am: Planning, threats and operational security.

10.40am-11am: Break

11am-Noon: Risk and compliance considerations in covert investigations.

Noon-12.30pm: Break

12.30pm-1.20pm: Targeted Equipment Interference - The new regime and what it means in practice.

1.20pm-1.40pm: Break

1.40pm-2.30pm: An Overview of Targeted Interception and practical issues.

2.30pm-2.40pm: summing up and questions

2.45pm: Workshop closes

Adrian Ramdat – Covert trainer

Adrian Ramdat is a former law enforcement professional having spent over 26 years working operationally at a local, regional, national and international level. He was a career detective and spent the majority of his career working in the investigation of serious and organised crime whilst specialisingas covert operative and manager.

Adrian was seconded to the National Policing Improvements Agency (now the College of Policing) where he held the portfolio for Covert Law Enforcement. In this role he designed and delivered the RIPA Authorising Officers course, the Advanced CHIS Management course and the CHIS Cultivation & Recruitment course. He sat on the ACPO National Source Working Group and the Cultivation &Recruitment and Training subgroups.

Adrian returned to operational policing where he was headed up a Covert Management Operations Unit (COMU), undertook major crime reviews and performed the role of the Operational Security Officer (OpSY).

Since retiring from the police service Adrian established The Training Consultants Ltd, which specialised in delivering training and consultancy to organisations in the UK and around the world, in RIPA.


investigations skills, intelligence and covert activity. The Training Consultants Ltd was acquired by Bond Solonin 2018 where he took on the role of the Director of Covert Intelligence & Specialist Training.

In October 2021 Adrian will leave Bond Solon to become a freelance trainer offering training and consultancy in RIPA, IPA, covert skills and intelligence. He will also remain the subject matter expert for RIPA, CHIS, covert training, and whistleblowing for Bond Solon.

Adrian has degree in education, a post graduate certificate in education (PGCE) and is a qualified assessor.


Cost: £375.00 + VAT (GBP) per delegate (LEA and Government Agency rate). 

Booking: Please send the delegates name(s), email address(es) and purchase order (made out to The Investigator) to or telephone +44(0)844 660 8707 for further information. This is open to LEA, Government and public sector security contractors only.


Under no circumstances will a delegate be able to register using a free webmail address (ie: gmail, Yahoo, Outlook, Hotmail, AOL etc) but you can use one to login into Teams once your work email has been verified.

Payment can be made by PayPal/debit/credit card (corporate card fees apply + 3%). 

The meeting link will be sent out 7 days before the event.