Home Office announces tougher criminality rules for EU citizens


The Home Office has confirmed that EU criminals could be barred from entering the UK under tougher border rules.

The rules for EU criminals will come into force from 1 January 2021 when free movement ends and are part of a new approach the government is taking to the immigration system where people from across the world will be treated equally.

Currently, under EU law, the UK has to allow some EU criminals into the country who would otherwise have been stopped and turned away. Under the changes, foreign criminals sentenced to more than a year in jail will be banned from entering the UK.


EU rules currently require the Home Office to demonstrate that EU criminals present a genuine, present and sufficiently serious threat affecting one of the fundamental interests of society in order to restrict their free movement rights. This decision cannot be based solely on the criminal conviction, even if it was for murder or rape.

Under changes laid in Parliament last month, from 1st January 2021, EU citizens will be subject to the same firmer and fairer criminality rules that apply to non-EU citizens. This means that:

  • Foreign criminals sentenced to at least a year in jail will be banned from entering the UK

  • Foreign criminals sentenced to less than a year in jail could still be banned, with the Home Office considering on a case-by-case basis their full criminal history and whether they have ties to the UK such as family members,

  • Foreign criminals who haven’t received a prison sentence could also be banned from entering the UK, for example:

  • if the offending is persistent or causes serious harm (such as sexual offences),

  • if it is decided that their presence in UK is not conducive to the public good, or

  • if they have a criminal conviction of any kind in the past 12 months and are seeking to enter the UK for the first time.


All offences will be considered, whether committed in the UK or overseas.


These changes do not apply to EU citizens protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, such as those with status under the EU Settlement Scheme.


However, if an individual who is protected by the Withdrawal Agreement commits crimes from 1 January 2021, in the UK or overseas, their status could be revoked, for example if that crime resulted in a prison sentence of at least a year.

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