Europol report finds deepfake technology could become staple tool for organised crime

The Europol Innovation Lab has published its first report entitled ‘Facing Reality? Law enforcement and the challenge of deepfakes’ which shows how deepfakes are being used in serious crime. These crimes include CEO fraud, evidence tampering, and the production of non-consensual pornography.

It says that advances in artificial intelligence and the public availability of large image and video databases mean that the volume and quality of deepfake content is increasing.This is facilitating the proliferation of crimes that harness deepfake technology. Law enforcement agencies therefore need to be aware of deepfakes and their impact on future police work.


The report says that much of the deepfake content created today is identifiable through manual methods that rely on human analysts identifying telltale signs in deepfake images and videos.

However, this is a labour intensive task that is not actionable at scale. Accordingly, the report argues that law enforcement agencies will need to enhance the skills and technologies at officers’ disposal if they are to keep pace with criminal use of deepfakes.



Examples of such new capacities range from the deployment of technical and organisational safeguards against video tampering to the creation of deepfake detection software that uses artificial intelligence. 

Europol's Innovation Lab aims to identify, promote and develop concrete innovative solutions in support of the EU Member States’ operational work.



These will help investigators and analysts to make the most of the opportunities offered by new technologies to avoid duplication of work, create synergies and pool resources. The activities of the Innovation Lab are directly linked to the strategic priorities as laid out in Europol Strategy 2020+, which states that Europol shall be at the forefront of law enforcement innovation and research.


To view the full report, go to: